自从20世纪60年代发现法国新浪潮以来，布莱恩一直是一个狂热的电影迷. He's been seeing as many movies as he can ever since.
Five Great Acting Performances from 1947 Movies
获得奥斯卡最佳男主角提名的五位演员在五个截然不同的角色中塑造了令人难忘的角色. Four of their movies were dramas, and one was a comedy.
Following the lead of Academy Awards ceremony, each of the five nominees will be introduced, and their movies will be profiled. I will then present the envelope and announce the winner. So read on!
The Five Nominees for Best Actor 1948
"A Double Life"
"Body and Soul"
Philip Schuyler Green
"Life with Father"
Clarence Day, Sr.
"Mourning Becomes Electra"
Ronald Colman, Nominated for "A Double Life"
Ronald Coleman was born in England in 1891. 第一次世界大战期间在英国军队服役时在法国负伤, he began acting in London stage productions. 在20世纪20年代早期，他去了美国，并在百老汇的几部戏剧中出现. While appearing in the hit play La Tendresse 1922年，科尔曼签约在1923年的无声电影中与莉莉安·吉什演对手戏 The White Sister.
Following his success in The White Sister, he left the stage behind. He became a very popular star in silent films, including The Dark Angel (1925) and Beau Geste (1927).
Blessed with a wonderful voice, Colman made a smooth transition from silent films to talking pictures. 他曾因1930年的两部电影获得奥斯卡最佳男演员提名， Bulldog Drummond and Condemned. His Best Actor nomination for A Double Life was his second of the 1940s, following his nomination for Random Harvest (1942), and his fourth overall.
20世纪40年代末，科尔曼逐渐将注意力转向广播和电视. 从1950年开始，他和妻子贝尼塔·休谟主演了一部广播喜剧， The Halls of Ivy, which moved to television in 1952.
As a tribute to his success in both movies and television, Colman has two stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, one for each medium.
Summary of "A Double Life"
A Double Life is a stylish and intelligent film noir drama. Ronald Coleman plays a famous stage actor, Anthony “Tony” John. Tony is starring in Shakespeare’s Othello with his former wife, Brita, played by Signe Hasso.
托尼反复无常的脾气曾给他带来麻烦，导致他与布里塔离婚. 在扮演奥赛罗时，托尼越来越沉浸在这个角色的嫉妒中. 他最终崩溃了，导致他用现实生活中的幕后谋杀演绎了奥赛罗对苔丝狄蒙娜的谋杀.
Critic Bosley Crowther of The New York Times said Colman’s role in A Double Life 这是“他漫长职业生涯中的角色”吗.”
The film received four Academy Award nominations. Besides Colman’s nomination for Best Actor, 这部电影获得了最佳导演(乔治·库克)和最佳编剧的提名, Original Screenplay (Ruth Gordon and Garson Kanin). 它获得了最佳音乐奖，戏剧或喜剧电影配乐奖(Miklós Rózsa).
John Garfield, Nominated for "Body and Soul"
Born in 1913 to a very poor Jewish family in New York City, John Garfield found his way out of the “mean streets” through acting. 1932年，他首次在百老汇登台演出，在接下来的几年里，他在纽约的戏剧制作中偶尔获得成功.
He was cast in his first movie role in the 1938 Warner Bros. film Four Daughters, which was nominated for Best Picture. Garfield’s performance was widely praised, 他还获得了奥斯卡最佳男配角提名.
Garfield starred in a series of hit films after the war, beginning with The Postman Always Rings Twice with Lana Turner in 1946. He took a featured supporting role in 1947's Gentleman’s Agreement, 由格里高利·派克(Gregory Peck)主演，因为他相信这部电影传达的信息是揭露反犹太主义.
His starring role in Body and Soul 这是他第二次获得奥斯卡提名，这次是最佳男主角.
Despite his box office appeal, 20世纪40年代末和50年代初，加菲猫陷入了“红色恐慌”，发现很难在好莱坞找到工作. 尽管他从来都不是共产主义者，最终也洗脱了嫌疑, 当他被要求在众议院非美活动委员会作证时，他拒绝说出电影界可能的共产主义者的名字.
Garfield died of a heart attack in 1952 at age 39.
Summary of "Body and Soul"
Probably the first great Hollywood film about boxing, Body and Soul is also a cautionary tale about the corrupting power of money.
约翰·加菲尔德饰演查理·戴维斯，一位来自纽约下东区的业余拳击冠军. Charley’s father supports Charley’s boxing ambitions, but he is killed just after giving Charley money for boxing equipment. 查理的母亲(安妮·里维尔饰)反对查理成为一名职业拳击手, but boxing is the only thing he knows how to do.
查理与拳击推广人奎因(威廉·康拉德饰)签约，并赢得了一场又一场的比赛. But to fight the champ, Ben Chaplin (Canada Lee), and get a shot at the title, Charley has to make a deal with the ruthless promoter Mr. Roberts (Lloyd Gough). Against the advice of his best friend, Shorty Polaski (Joseph Pevney), 查理做了交易，也推迟了他的婚礼fiancée Peg(莉莉·帕尔默).
Charley becomes the champ and lives the high life. But his success in the ring comes with a high price. 最终，查理必须决定他是否愿意继续支付这笔费用.
Body and Soul 获得三项奥斯卡提名，包括加菲猫最佳男演员提名. 该片获得了奥斯卡最佳剪辑奖，还获得了最佳编剧奖提名, for Abraham Polonsky’s original screenplay. 加菲尔德在纽约影评人圈奖最佳男演员投票中排名第二.
Gregory Peck, Nominated for "Gentleman's Agreement"
格里高利·派克是半个多世纪以来世界上最受欢迎的电影明星之一. He was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor five times. He received many other acting awards, including lifetime achievement awards from the American Film Institute, the National Board of Review, and the Screen Actors Guild.
派克1916年出生于加州，在加州大学伯克利分校学习表演. 在舞台制作工作几年后，他于1944年首次出演电影 Days of Glory. He earned four of his Academy Award nominations in the next five years. In addition to his nomination for 1947’s Gentleman’s Agreement, he received nominations for The Keys of the Kingdom (1944), The Yearling (1946), and Twelve O’Clock High (1949).
Peck's many other noteworthy films include Alfred Hitchcock’s Spellbound (1945), Roman Holiday (1953) with Audrey Hepburn, The Man in the Gray Flannel Suit (1956), and The Guns of Navarone (1961).
派克因在1962年的电影中扮演阿提克斯·芬奇而获得奥斯卡最佳男主角奖 To Kill a Mockingbird. 派克认为这是他最好的角色，它仍然是他最喜欢的电影. 2003年，美国电影学会提名阿提克斯·芬奇为过去100年的最佳电影英雄.
派克一生也积极参与人道主义和政治事业. 1968年，美国电影艺术与科学学院授予他吉恩·赫肖尔特人道主义奖. The following year, 林登·约翰逊总统授予他总统自由勋章，以表彰他的人道主义努力.
Peck died at age 87 in 2003.
Summary of "Gentleman’s Agreement"
Gentleman’s Agreement is a drama about a journalist, Philip Schuyler Green, played by Gregory Peck, 他会伪装成犹太人为一篇关于反犹太主义的杂志文章做研究. 这部备受争议的电影由莫斯·哈特改编自《PG电子游戏》. Hobson’s 1947 novel of the same name.
Green adopts a Jewish identity, calling himself “Phil Greenberg.“当他被视为犹太人时，他会遇到周围的偏见，有些是微妙的，有些是明显的. Even his fiancée Kathy Lacey (Dorothy McGuire), 该杂志出版商的自由派侄女最初建议写这篇关于反犹太主义的文章, does not speak out against the bigotry that she sees around her.
派克和其他演员的出色表演支撑了这部电影. 塞莱斯特·霍尔姆因生动刻画了思想开放的编辑安妮·德特莉而获得奥斯卡最佳女配角. 女主角多萝西·麦圭尔(Dorothy McGuire)和配角安妮·里维尔(Anne Revere)也获得了提名.
John Garfield, who was himself Jewish, is excellent as Phil’s Jewish childhood friend Dave Goldman, who has just returned from the war. 戴夫努力为自己和家人找房子，这让菲尔仔细观察了纽约市犹太人每天面临的偏见.
Gentleman’s Agreement 除了派克的最佳男演员提名外，他还获得了七项奥斯卡提名. The movie won three Oscars, including Best Picture. 这部电影和导演埃利亚·卡赞(Elia Kazan)也获得了多个金球奖奖项, the National Board of Review, and the New York Film Critics Circle.
William Powell, Nominated for "Life with Father"
从20世纪20年代到50年代的30年间，威廉·鲍威尔出演了90多部电影. 他获得了三次奥斯卡最佳男演员提名，并获得了纽约影评人奖. He has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
Powell was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, in 1892, but moved with his family to Kansas City, Missouri, when he was a teenager. After high school, he attended the American Academy of Dramatic Arts in New York City, where one of his classmates was Edward G. Robinson.
鲍威尔花了十年时间在舞台和歌舞杂耍上工作，然后在1922年的无声电影中获得了他的第一个电影角色 Sherlock Holmes with John Barrymore. He had his first starring role in The Canary Murder Case (1929), as detective Philo Vance.
鲍威尔最出名的角色是在电影中饰演温文尔雅的退休侦探尼克·查尔斯 The Thin Man series beginning in 1934. Myrna Loy played his wife Nora Charles in the six Thin Man movies, and the two were also paired in eight other films, including The Great Ziegfield, which was named the Best Picture of 1936.
Powell received the first of his Academy Award nominations for The Thin Man. He was nominated a second time for his performance in the 1936 comedy My Man Godfrey. More than a decade later, he was nominated for his performance in Life with Father, released the same year (1947) as the final Thin Man movie.
Powell’s last film role was in Mister Roberts in 1955. 从那以后，他拒绝了许多角色，一直退休，直到1984年91岁去世.
Summary of "Life with Father"
Life with Father is a domestic comedy set in New York City in the 1880s. William Powell plays Clarence Day, Sr.他是纽约的一位股票经纪人，正试图以商业的效率管理他的家庭. 这部电影忠实地改编自百老汇的同名长剧, which in turn was based on articles written by Clarence Day, Jr., in the 1930s.
The real head of the household is Clarence's wife, Vinnie Day (Irene Dunne), 她的主要目标是通过说服丈夫接受洗礼来拯救他的灵魂. The Days have four sons, all redheads. The oldest, Clarence Jr., 迷恋上年轻可爱的玛丽·斯金纳(伊丽莎白·泰勒), 这给了他父亲一个向他解释生活真相的机会.
这部电影以喜剧为背景，展现了传统的家庭价值观，引起了战后观众的共鸣, making the film a box office hit.
Life with Father 获得了四次奥斯卡提名，包括鲍威尔的最佳男演员提名. The film was also nominated for Best Cinematography, Color, Best Art Direction, Color, and Best Music Score of a Dramatic or Comedy Picture. It won the Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture Score. Not only was Powell nominated for the Oscar, 但他也获得了纽约影评人奖的最佳男演员奖 Life with Father and in The Senator Was Indiscreet, which was released the same year.
Michael Redgrave, Nominated for "Mourning Becomes Electra"
1908年，迈克尔·雷德格雷夫出生于英国格洛斯特郡的一个戏剧家庭. 1934年，他开始了自己的演艺生涯，并在伦敦舞台上扮演了许多角色, 二战期间，他在皇家海军服役中断了一年半. He made his New York theatrical debut in the title role in Macbeth in 1948.
雷德格雷夫的第一个主要电影角色是在阿尔弗雷德·希区柯克的英国制作 The Lady Vanishes (1938). Other notable films in which he appeared include The Browning Version (1951年)，并因此获得戛纳电影节最佳男演员奖， The Quiet American (1958), and The Loneliness of the Long Distance Runner (1962). His nomination for the Best Actor Award for 1947’s Mourning Becomes Electric was his only Oscar nomination.
雷德格雷夫在舞台和电影领域都有长达25年的辉煌职业生涯，直到20世纪70年代他因帕金森氏症而残疾. He was also a published author and playwright. He was knighted in 1959.
Summary of "Mourning Becomes Elektra"
Mourning Becomes Electra is a film adaptation of Eugene O’Neill’s play of the same name, 它本身是根据古希腊悲剧三部曲改编的 Oresteia by Aeschylus.
这部电影讲述了内战结束后来自新英格兰的曼农家族的悲惨故事. The father, Ezra (Raymond Massey), a Union general, 从战争中归来，决心改善他与妻子克里斯汀(卡蒂娜·帕西努饰)不正常的婚姻。. But Christine hates Ezra and has already planned to murder him, with the help of her younger lover Adam (Leo Genn), who is also her nephew.
Christine carries out her plan and poisons Ezra. 但这起谋杀案只是这个家庭一连串悲剧的开始. Daughter Lavinia, played by Rosalind Russell, enlists the help of her brother Orin, played by Michael Redgrave, to avenge their father’s murder. 更多的谋杀、内疚和自杀接踵而至——肯定不会有一个美好的结局!
The movie was originally released at a length of almost three hours. 影片的长度和无情的悲剧结合在一起，让观众望而却步, and the film was a massive failure financially.
The reaction of the critics, however, was generally favorable. Both leading members of the cast were nominated for Academy Awards. Rosalind Russell was nominated for the Best Actress Oscar, and she won the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress. In addition to being nominated for the Oscar, Redgrave won the National Board of Review Award for Best Actor.
Time to Vote: Choose the Best Actor in a 1947 Film
And Now, the Envelope Please ...
The 20th Academy Awards ceremony was held on Saturday, March 20, 1948, at the Shrine Civic Auditorium in Los Angeles.
这五位被提名的演员都有资格获得奥斯卡奖. But only one man gets to take home the Oscar for Best Actor.
When the winner's name was announced, the 1948 Academy Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role went to Ronald Colman for his role in A Double Life.
Have you seen these films? 学院做出了正确的选择吗，还是你会选择别人?
© 2013 Brian Lokker
Brian Lokker (author) from Bethesda, Maryland on May 28, 2014:
You're absolutely right about Gentleman's Agreement, lions44. The prejudice it examines is unhappily still with us. I also highly recommend Body and Soul if you haven't seen that one. 约翰·加菲尔德非常出色，因为他在《PG电子游戏》中扮演了配角.
CJ Kelly from the PNW on May 28, 2014:
Sorry I missed this earlier. Great article. Tremendous films. Gentleman's Agreement should be shown in every high school today. Brilliant work. Never saw A Double Life, but I will now. Voted up.
Brian Lokker (author) from Bethesda, Maryland on September 03, 2013:
Thank you for your comment, Schoolmom24. I love catching up with the classic films from before my time. 在写这篇文章之前，我第一次看了《PG电子游戏》，我觉得它很棒. There are so many more out there that I want to see!
Schoolmom24 from Oregon on September 01, 2013:
Nice, informative hub! I love classic movies but have only seen a couple of these...Life with Father and Gentleman's Agreement.